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CBD Glossary

Full spectrum CBD, isolate, sublingual, cannabinoids, HUH? If you're confused, here is a glossary on all the common CBD related terms that you need to know.

By Ryan Goo | Nov 21, 2018 in General Blog | 3 min read

CBD Glossary

Plant based cannabinoids such as CBD are becoming very popular in recent time due to their natural therapeutic benefits. If you want to learn about the CBD and how it helps the human body, read our "What is CBD" article here.

The following list of words should be understood as they are very commonly used within the CBD industry. We separated them into groups for convenience. This list stems from a number of repeat questions we receive such as 'what is the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil'.

Plants

Cannabis Sativa L. - A species of plant in the Cannabis class. It refers to two subspecies, agricultural hemp and marijuana, but they are entirely different.

Agricultural Hemp - A plant that is grown for industrial purposes and is legal for use in all 50 states. Hemp is from the plant species Cannabis Sativa. Unlike the Marijuana plant, hemp is low in THC (less than 0.3% THC) and very high in fiber.

Human body

Endocannabinoid - Chemical compounds that interact with your body and brain receptors. Endocannabinoids occur naturally in the human body.

Phytocannabinoid - Cannabinoids that occur naturally in the cannabis plant. When ingested, they interact with the body just like endocannabinoids.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS) - Biological system located in the human body that interacts with cannabinoids. The goal of the ECS is to maintain homeostasis.

Homeostasis - Physiologically, it is the body’s attempt to maintain a constant and balanced through a self-regulating process.

CB1 - One of the primary receptors in the ECS, it is found primarily in the central nervous system. Activating the CB1 receptor includes benefits such as inflammation, anxiety relief, lowering blood pressure, increasing myelin formation. and more.

CB2 - Another ECS receptor, it is found primarily in the peripheral nervous system. Activating the CB2 receptor includes benefits such as improved liver and kidney function, bone and skin health, pain relief, and more.

Cannabinoids

CBD - CBD stands for cannabidiol; a phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis. It does not have euphoric benefits, but has several health benefits on humans and animals.

THC - Short for tetrahydrocannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis. Has intoxicating effects associated with marijuana use. Can also have benefits on human and animal health.

CBD-A - Short for cannabidiolic-acid which refers to an acidic cannabinoid. It is one of the primary cannabinoids produced on the stems, leaves and flowers of some varieties of cannabis plants.

2-AG - Short for 2-Arachidonoylglycerol, is an endocannabinoid that occurs naturally in the brain. It acts as a messenger molecule and plays roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility.

CBN - Short for cannabinol, it is a less potent cannabinoid derived from THC. Has little to no intoxicating effects.

CBG - Short for cannabigerol, is the first cannabinoid formed in the plant. It’s close chemical relatives are THC, CBD, and CBC.

CBC - Short for cannabigerol; a cannabinoid with emerging research on its medical benefits originator to THC and CBD.

Full spectrum CBD

Entourage Effect - Refers to the effect of all compounds most effectively working in combination. As opposed to just one or two of these compounds working in isolation.

Hemptourage Effect - The active entourage effect of compounds in agricultural hemp-derived CBD oils used for health benefits.

Terpene - The terpenes are aromatic organic compounds that play a key role in CBD effects. Some terpenes promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others promote focus and acuity.

Fatty Acid - Long hydrocarbon chain carboxylic acid of organic compound. This is an important dietary source of fat-soluble components of living cells (lipids).

Plant Sterol - Plant sterols are a group of plant substances that resemble cholesterol. They help reduce cholesterol levels by limiting the amount of cholesterol that is able to enter the body.

Vitamin E - Also known as alpha-tocopherol, a fat-soluble vitamin that protect cells from damage.

CBD extraction methods

CO2 Extraction - CO2 gas pressurized to extract oils from plants through a solvent-free method. The distillation process.

Decarboxylation - Usually refers to a reaction of carboxylic acids, CO2 is removed from the acids, turning them into beneficial cannabinoids.

Distilled oil - Using this distillation, virtually everything is separated through a solvent-free process into a concentrated oil. Extraction of compounds include terpenes, lipids, plant material, and all the other components.

Raw oil - Oils that are untreated at its original source. CO2 gets extracted from agricultural hemp in order to obtain cannabinoids derived from raw oil.

Chlorophyll - Chlorophyll is a green pigment found in plants commonly used for medication.

Non-psychotoxic - Commonly refers to certain drugs or chemical compounds but causes no detrimental effect on the mind, personality or behavior.

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